Expressing Possession In DARIJA Moroccan Arabic with Pronunciation
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While you are in Morocco, Expressing Possession is something important in your daily conversations. This is why we made this lesson to explain it. Then, if you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comment section.

Expressing Possession With The Word “DYAL”

The word “Dyal” in Darija can be used as the equivalent of the preposition “of ” in English, as a possessive adjective (My, Your,…,Their) or possessive pronouns (Mine, Yours, …, Theirs):

Dyali: My / Mine

Dyalk: Your / Yours

Dyalha: Her / Hers

Dyalo: His / His

Dyalna: Our / Ours

Dyalkoum: Your / Yours

Dyalhoum: Their / Theirs

 

Lblad Dyali: My country

Lblad Dyalk: Your country (Addressing man or woman)

Lblad Dyalha: Her country

Lblad Dyalo: His country

Lblad Dyalna: Our country

Lblad Dyalkoum: Your country

Lblad Dyalhoum: Their country

NB: The noun used with the word ” Dyal ” is always used in its definite form.

Expressing Possession With Possessive Suffixes

The general Possessive Suffixes are: i, k, ha, o, na, koum, houm.

Example 1: House “Dar “

Dari: My house

Dark: Your house

Darha: Her house

Daro: His house

Darna: Our house

Darkoum: Your house

Darhoum: Their house

Example 2: Brother “Akh”

Some words may have some changes in the suffixes, especially for (my) and (his):  ya, k, ha, h, na, koum, houm.

Khouya: My Brother

Khouk: Your Brother

Khouha: Her Brother

Khouh: His Brother

Khouna: Our Brother

Khoukoum: Your Brother

Khouhoum: Their Brother

Example 3: City “Mdina

For words ending with the letter (a) which are the feminine words, you replace (a) with (t) and apply the same general endings: i, k, ha, o, na, koum, houm.

Mdinti: My City 

Mdintk: Your City

Mdintha: Her City

Mdinto: His City

Mdintna: Our City

Mdintkoum: Your City

Mdinthoum: Their City

Finally, Expressing possession with suffixes does not work with all words. For example, we say Jarda dyali (My Garden) and you cant use the suffixes with the word Jarda.

You may be also interested in knowing the Personal Pronouns in Moroccan Arabic.


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