definite article in moroccan arabic darija course morocco
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In this lesson, we will see the Definite Article in Darija. 

The definite article used in English is ” The ” and in the french language is ” La, Le, and Les “.

In classical Arabic, the definite article is ” AL ” and in Darija, Moroccans do not pronounce the vowel ” A ” and they use just ” L” for the Masculine, the Feminine, the Singular and the Plural.


Definite Article in DARIJA with examples :

Definite words are divided into two categories: Sun and Moon Words:

Sun Letters:   L7orouf Ch-Chamsiya ( الحروف الشمسية )

Moon Letters : L7orouf L9amariya ( الحروف القمرية )

As we can see, these names refer to the words Sun and Moon in standard Arabic :

  • Moon is (qamar قمر) and the moon is ( Lqamar لقمر ).
  • Sun is ( Chms شمس), and the sun is ( ChChms الشمس).

Definite Words starting with Sun Lettres :

The sun letters represent the letters that are pronounced with the teeth or the tongue: T, D, R, Z, S, CH, L, N, and for this category, you do not need to add the ” L ” in a definite form of the word.

To facilitate the memorization of the sun letters, we gathered them in two words (excluding vowels):

TENDRESSCHANNELZ  (Without forgetting the letter “ J ” which is also considered as a solar letter in Darija and a Lunar letter in Standard Arabic).

Examples with Sun Letters :

Dar (House)  ⇒   Ddar  ( The House ) 


Tomobil ( Car )  ⇒  Ttomobil ( The Car ) 


Ndadr ( Glasses )  ⇒  Nndadr ( The Glasses ) 


Sbat ( Shoes )  Ssbat ( The Shoes ) 


Tbla ( Table )  ⇒  Ttbla ( The table ) 


Zif ( Scarf ) ⇒   Zzif ( The scarf ) 


Drouj ( Stairs )  ⇒  Ddrouj ( The Stairs )


Tbsil ( Plate )    ⇒  Ttbsil ( The Plate ) 


Srwal ( Trousers )  ⇒   Ssrwal ( The Trousers )

Definite Words starting with Moon Lettres :

The Lunar letters are the rest of the alphabets excluding the Solar ones.

Examples With Moon Letters :

Airport ⇒ Matar   –   The Airport ⇒ Lmatar.

Hotel ⇒ Hotel   –  The Hotel ⇒ Lhotel.

City ⇒ Mdina   –  The City ⇒ Lmdina.

Countryside ⇒ Badia   –  The Countryside ⇒ Lbadia.

River  ⇒ Wad   –  The river ⇒ Lwad

School ⇒ Mdrasa   –  The School ⇒ Lmdrasa.

Indefinite Article in DARIJA with examples:

The indefinite article in English are ” a ” and ” an ” and are used before a noun or noun equivalents. The equivalent of the indefinite articles in Moroccan Arabic is ” Wa7d “:

Indefinite form = Wa7d + Definite form.

Examples :

A House ⇒ Wa7d ddar

A Police man ⇒ Wa7d Lbolisi

A teacher ( F ) ⇒  Wa7d Lostada

A teacher ( M ) ⇒  Wa7d Lostad

Exercise: Give the definite form of words

Find the definite form of the following words and write your answers in the comment section below:

Chrjm (window)

Bab (door)

Mdrasa (School)

B7r (Beach)

Ndader (glasses)

Ktab (book)

Mra (woman)

Rajl (man)

Mdina (City)

3a2ila (Family) 

Then, you may be also interested in the Course about the Feminine form in Moroccan Arabic and the full course on Standard Arabic Language containing 21hours of videos available on Udemy.

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