In this lesson, we will see the Definite Article in Darija.
The definite article used in English is ” The ” and in the french language is ” La, Le, and Les “.
In classical Arabic, the definite article is ” AL ” and in Darija, Moroccans do not pronounce the vowel ” A ” and they use just ” L” for the Masculine, the Feminine, the Singular and the Plural.
Definite Article in DARIJA with examples :
Definite words are divided into two categories: Sun and Moon Words:
Sun Letters: L7orouf Ch-Chamsiya ( الحروف الشمسية )
Moon Letters : L7orouf L9amariya ( الحروف القمرية )
As we can see, these names refer to the words Sun and Moon in standard Arabic :
- Moon is (qamar قمر) and the moon is ( Lqamar لقمر ).
- Sun is ( Chms شمس), and the sun is ( Ch–Chms الشمس).
Definite Words starting with Sun Lettres :
The sun letters represent the letters that are pronounced with the teeth or the tongue: T, D, R, Z, S, CH, L, N, and for this category, you do not need to add the ” L ” in a definite form of the word.
To facilitate the memorization of the sun letters, we gathered them in two words (excluding vowels):
TENDRESSE CHANNELZ (Without forgetting the letter “ J ” which is also considered as a solar letter in Darija and a Lunar letter in Standard Arabic).
Examples with Sun Letters :
Dar (House) ⇒ Ddar ( The House )
Tomobil ( Car ) ⇒ Ttomobil ( The Car )
Ndadr ( Glasses ) ⇒ Nndadr ( The Glasses )
Sbat ( Shoes ) ⇒ Ssbat ( The Shoes )
Tbla ( Table ) ⇒ Ttbla ( The table )
Zif ( Scarf ) ⇒ Zzif ( The scarf )
Drouj ( Stairs ) ⇒ Ddrouj ( The Stairs )
Tbsil ( Plate ) ⇒ Ttbsil ( The Plate )
Srwal ( Trousers ) ⇒ Ssrwal ( The Trousers )
Definite Words starting with Moon Lettres :
The Lunar letters are the rest of the alphabets excluding the Solar ones.
Examples With Moon Letters :
Airport ⇒ Matar – The Airport ⇒ Lmatar.
Hotel ⇒ Hotel – The Hotel ⇒ Lhotel.
City ⇒ Mdina – The City ⇒ Lmdina.
Countryside ⇒ Badia – The Countryside ⇒ Lbadia.
River ⇒ Wad – The river ⇒ Lwad
School ⇒ Mdrasa – The School ⇒ Lmdrasa.
Indefinite Article in DARIJA with examples:
The indefinite article in English are ” a ” and ” an ” and are used before a noun or noun equivalents. The equivalent of the indefinite articles in Moroccan Arabic is ” Wa7d “:
Indefinite form = Wa7d + Definite form.
A House ⇒ Wa7d ddar
A Police man ⇒ Wa7d Lbolisi
A teacher ( F ) ⇒ Wa7d Lostada
A teacher ( M ) ⇒ Wa7d Lostad
Exercise: Give the definite form of words
Find the definite form of the following words and write your answers in the comment section below:
Then, you may be also interested in the Course about the Feminine form in Moroccan Arabic and the full course on Standard Arabic Language containing 21hours of videos available on Udemy.