In this lesson, we will see the rule of the feminine form in Darija applied for Words and Adjectives.
At the end of this course, there is a list of masculine nouns and adjectives in Moroccan Arabic to turn into feminine form.
Feminine in Standard Arabic
The “ a” at the end of a feminine word in standard Arabic, represents a silent “ ta2 marbouta تاء مربوطة ” which is literally not pronounced.
We never say “ Saghiraton = Small ” = صغيرة or “ jamilaton = Beautiful ” = جميلة. we just say “ Saghira ” and “ jamila ”.
Feminine Form in DARIJA
In most cases, to have a feminine form, you just add “ a ” to the end of the masculine form.
The formula is Feminine = Masculine + “ a ” at the end of the word (Adjective or Noun).
Examples of nouns with a Feminine form
Moroccan : Maghribi ( M ) – Maghribia ( F )
American : Mirikani ( M ) – Mirikania ( F )
Japanese : Japoni ( M ) – Japonia ( F )
Chinese : Chinwi ( M ) – Chinwia ( F )
Tunisian : Tounsi ( M ) – Tounsia ( F )
Doctor : Tbib ( M ) – Tbiba ( F )
Nurse : Fermli ( M ) – Fermlia ( F )
Teacher : Ostad ( M ) – Ostada ( F )
Cook : Tbbakh ( M ) – Tbbakha ( F )
Lawyer : Mo7ami ( M ) – Mo7amia ( F )
Check more Occupations in this link : Jobs & occupation in DARIJA
Examples of Adjectives with a Feminine form
Tired : 3yan ( M ) – 3yana ( F )
Happy : Fr7an ( M ) – Fr7ana ( F )
Shy : 7chman ( M ) – 7chmana ( F )
Small : Sghir ( M ) – Sghira ( F )
Big : Kbir ( M ) – Kbira ( F )
Feminine Gender without ” a ” in the end
In Moroccan Arabic, there are some exceptions because not all feminine words end with “ a ”.
- Dar ( House )
- 3in ( Eye )
- Wden ( Ear )
- Rjel ( Foot )
Exercise to Practice :
Turn the following masculine words into a feminine form and leave your answers in the comments section bellow.
Tourist : Sa2i7
Short : 9sir
Small : Sghir
Sick : Mrid
Happy : Far7an
New : Jdid
Egyptian : Misri
Syrian : Souri
Algerian : Jazayri
Tunisian : Tounsi
Beautiful : Zwin
Check our complete course about Moroccan Arabic on Udemy.