Moroccan arabic Transcription Basics

In this article, we will do our best to give you a detailed course about Moroccan Arabic Transcription used by Moroccans. 

Introduction : Moroccan Arabic Transcription

Moroccan Arabic ( Darija ) is a mix of Arabic, Berber, French and Spanish. In fact, there is no standard Darija Chat Alphabet. In text messages, some Moroccans use Arabic Letters but most of Moroccans writes Darija using Latin alphabets with the influence of French language in the way they write and read words. For english speakers, there are just some basics to know and then, everything will become easy.

For the majority of the Arabic alphabets, there are Latin alphabets equivalents used by Moroccans and they also combine two letters or they use numbers to express some sounds with no equivalent in latin alphabets like KH, GH, 3, 7, 9 and 2.

DARIJA Transcription Basics :

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Y, Z. + (CH , KH , GH , 7 , 3, 9 et 2)

Letter A :

A is used as in Cat

Dar : House

Jarda : Garden

Letter E :

E is used as in Check

Letter H :

H is always pronounced like the arabic letter ” ه ” except when it is combined with C, G and K  (GH, KH and CH).

Nta Hbil  : you are crazy ( addressing a man )

Nti Hbila : you are crazy ( addressing a woman )

Letter I :

I is equal to the ” E ” sound in english;

Tomobil : Car

Pikala : Bike 

Letter O :

O is used as in Omlet

Tomobil : Car

Ostad : Teacher

Letter Q / 9 :

The equavalent letter in the arabic letter = ” ق ” .

You can use Q or 9 for the same sound.

Sou9 / SouQ = Market;

9erd / Qerd = Monkey;

Tri9 / TriQ = Road.

Letter Y :

Yeh : Yes  (you may also hear ” AH ” and also “ WAH ”  in the oriental regions like Oujda for example)

Yassine : Male name 

There is also the sound ” AY ” like in the verbe ” stay “.

Chhrayn : 2 Months

3amayn : 2 years

Tnayn w 3chrin : 22

Letter CH :

 CH is like in french language and is the equivalent of the ” SH ” sound in english.

Letter KH :

KH is like the letter ” J ” in spanish language.

The equavalent letter in the arabic letter is ” خ  “.

Khobz : Bread

Skhoun : Hot

Khder : Green

Khodra : Vegetables

Letter GH :

GH is like the letter ” R ” in a French language.

The equavalent letter in the arabic letter is ” غ “.

Ghaba : Forest: Menthe

Lmaghrib : Morocco

Letter 7 :

7 = ح 

7rira :  Soup    

S7our : The meal before the sun rise of a fasting day for muslims.

Sba7 : Morning

7anout : the convenient store

b7ar : Beach

Letter 3 :

3 = ع

Na3na3 : Menthe

3id : Celebration

3asir : Juice    

Letter 2 :

2 = ء  

it marks a stop.

So2al : Question

3a2ila : Family

If you have any question about Moroccan Arabic transcription, do not hesitate to leave a comment and you can also check these articles bellow : 

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